Readers accustomed to mass-market bacon may wonder what all the modern fuss about pork bellies is about. I mean, it’s good, but is it that good? In short, yes. With all due deference to Socrates’ aphorism about the unexamined life, I put it to you that neither is the unexamined BLT worth eating.
For those who aren’t quite convinced of that, Zingerman’s Guide is perhaps the best introduction to bacon and the men and women who make some of what Weinzweig considers the best around. I have tasted many of these bacons, and can affirm: the people who make them know their stuff. Their firm and flavorful cured bellies put to shame grocery store claimants to the name “bacon.”
Weinzweig goes into some detail not just on American bacons, exploring the wet- and dry-cure divide, but looks at other traditions as well, including British, Irish, and Italian species of the stuff. The book wraps up with over 40 recipes using bacon (rather than, say, making your own). Dishes include bacon fat mayonnaise (so arresting an idea it’s featured in the book’s subtitle), cheddar bacon scones, pimento cheese, grits & bits waffles, oyster and bacon pilau, and chocolate and bacon fat gravy.
Bacon: Over here in the U.S., cured and usually, though not always smoked pork belly.
British Bacon: Today, this generally refers to the back and not the belly, cured in a brine solution but not smoked.
Canadian Peameal Bacon: Pork loin cured in a wet brine solution and then rolled in cornmeal. The real thing is sold raw and never smoked.
Dry Cure (a.k.a. Country Cure): Raw pork rubbed and then set into a dry solution of salt, sugar and spices (instead of a brine) to cure the pork before it's smoked.
Fatback: The strip of fat from the top of the hog's back, above the loin. Used extensively in old-style American cooking, it really has no meat on it whatsoever. In the South you'll still see places selling fried fatback. Typically used to make lard and cracklins.
Flitch: The old English word for a side of bacon.
Green: The British term for cured but unsmoked bacon.
Guanciale: Italian-style pork jowl, dry-cured and unsmoked.
Irish Bacon: Same as British bacon, but often used for boiling.
Lardo: Italian-style pork back fat, dry-cured in slabs for months. Sliced and eaten raw.
Long Back or Long Middle: Used in England to describe bacon sold as loin with belly still attached.
Pancetta: Dry-cured but unsmoked Italian-style bacon made from pork belly.
Rashers: Slices of bacon, to a Brit.
Streak o' Lean: Like fatback, but with (at most) a small strip of meat in it. Michael Stern, writing in Roadfood, says, "streak o' lean pro- vides maximum piggy flavor. If you never can get enough bacon, it's the breakfast meat for you." Sometimes smoked, sometimes not. Also like fatback, streak o' lean can be floured and deep-fried to make a crisp little bacony snack.
Streaky Bacon: What British people ask for when they want American-style belly bacon.
Wet Cure: Bacon that spends a good bit of time in a saltwater brine, most often, though not always, with sugar and spices.
Wide: The wide side of the pork loin as it's used for bacon—it's from further up the top loin, toward the shoulder.
Ari Weinzweig (2009)
Zingerman's Guide to Better Bacon: Stories of Pork Bellies, Hush Puppies, Rock n Roll Music and Bacon Fat Mayonnaise.
240 pages (hardback)
Goes well with:
- That leather-bound printing can be found here.
- Hit the sauce a little too hard last night? Try some bacon dumplings for a wicked hangover.
- Weinzweig gushes about this guy and so have I: Maynard Davies has three — count 'em, three — bacon books in print. I covered his autobiographical Secrets of a Bacon Curer and Adventures of a Bacon Curer here, but if you're looking to actually cure your own bacon, be certain to check out his Manual of a Traditional Bacon Curer.